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Volume 33, Issue 4, December 2022



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Mediterr J Rheumatol 2022;33(4):449-52
Postpartum Myasthenic Crisis in a Patient with SLE: A Case Report and Literature Review
Authors Information

Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Hyderabad, India

Abstract

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of numerous auto-antibodies while Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease. The coexistence of both diseases is rarely reported in the literature. Case presentation: We report a case of a 29-year-old female SLE patient with chief manifestations of nephritis, inflammatory polyarthritis and cytopenia presented with postpartum shortness of breath and dysphagia requiring emergency intubation and difficulty in weaning. Later she developed chronic respiratory acidosis with bilateral ptosis. Her diagnosis of myasthenia was confirmed with a positive neostigmine test and nAChR antibodies. She was given 5 cycles of PLEX and pyridostigmine with significant improvement of symptoms and extubated safely. Conclusion: It is one of the rare case reports of SLE preceding MG with significant improvement by anticholinergic therapy.



Cite this article as: Yerram K, Baisya R, Devarasetti PK. Postpartum Myasthenic Crisis in a Patient with SLE: A Case Report and Literature Review. Mediterr J Rheumatol 2022;33(4):449-52.

Article Submitted: 23 May 2022; Revised Form: 4 Sep 2022; Article Accepted: 30 Sep 2022; Available Online: 31 Dec 2022

https://doi.org/10.31138/mjr.33.4.449

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

©2022 The Author(s).