Mediterr J Rheumatol 2019;30(3):155-61
Autoantibodies in Myositis. How to Achieve a Comprehensive Strategy for Serological Testing
Authors Information

EUROIMMUN AG, Luebeck, Germany

Myopathies are a rare type of acquired, chronic autoimmune diseases of the skeletal muscles and affect both children and adults. The hallmark symptoms of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are muscle inflammation, proximal muscle weakness and disability, arthritis, cutaneous rashes, calcinosis, ulceration, malignancy and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Subforms of IIM include polymyositis, dermatomyositis, cancer-related myositis and sporadic inclusion body myositis. Autoantibodies function as biomarkers for diagnosis of IIM and can be used to delimit clinically distinguishable IIM subforms. To maximise the diagnostic information it is essential to perform comprehensive multiparametric serological testing including both screening and confirmation tests.