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Volume 28, Issue 2, June 2017

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Mediterr J Rheumatol 2017; 28(2): 23-6
Future of Rehabilitation Interventions for Rheumatic Patients in the Mediterranean Region
Authors Information

1: Prof. Dr., Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2: Specialist, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Afyon Kocatepe University,  Afyonkarahisar Turkey
Abstract

Chronic rheumatic diseases can commonly lead to significant physical disability, reduced health-related quality of life and high economic burden for the societies. In the last decades and despite the availability of novel, effective medical treatment for specific rheumatic diseases, rehabilitation interventions do have a pivot role in improving function and psychological status in these conditions. Several systematic reviews and evidence based management recommendations suggest non-pharmaceutical rehabilitation management as an adjunct to medical therapy. The composition of rehabilitative interventions may extensively vary including therapeutic exercise, patient education, occupational therapy, orthoses, assistive devices, work rehabilitation and physical modalities. Exercise therapy is the main component of non-pharmacological treatment and strongly recommended in international guidelines but currently there is no consensus regarding intensity, frequency, or type of rehabilitation program for patients with rheumatic diseases. So, rehabilitation should be designed on a patient-centered basis in the context of multidisciplinary approach.