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Volume 27, Issue 4, December 2016

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Mediterr J Rheumatol 2016; 27(4): 27-36
Ultrasound of the knee in Rheumatology: Pitfalls, what is new?
Authors Information

1: MSK US Specialist, Private practice Rheumatologist, Katerini, Greece

2: MSK US Specialist, Private practice Rheumatologist, Patras, Greece  

3: Rheumatologist, Askleipeion Voulas General Hospital, Athens, Greece

4: MSK US Specialist, Private practice Rheumatologist, Thessaloniki, Greece
Abstract

Ultrasound (US) of the knee is a valuable tool in examining patients with rheumatic diseases, in addition to clinical examination. Due to the rapid improvement of US equipment and the continuous upgrade of knowledge and experience in the field of musculoskeletal US, the US technique has been established as an indispensable tool in the clinical management of degenerative and inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases. Apart from the accurate visibility of anatomical structures, pathologic findings such as effusion, synovitis, enthesitis, erosions and osteophytes are readily depicted by US. During the last decade, aiming to assess treatment outcomes, the possibility of quantification of inflammatory findings using the US technique has been explored. The aim of this review is to illustrate the normal appearance of knee structures on US, consider potential pitfalls and review the recent literature about new prospects in knee evaluation as well as pathological findings in this region.