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Volume 29, Issue 1, March 2018

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Mediterr J Rheumatol 2018;29(1):59-61
The effect of Apremilast on signal transduction and IL-10 production in CD39high regulatory B cells in patients with psoriatic arthritis
Authors Information

1: Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece

2: Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece

Abstract
Background. IL-10-producing regulatory B cells (Bregs) are of great importance in autoimmunity, as they inhibit proinflammatory T cells. We have shown that IL-10-producing Bregs in psoriatic arthritis(PsA) were decreased and inversely correlated with IFNγ+T cells (TH1 cells) and IL-17+ T cells (TH17 cells). B cells with overexpression of CD39 have also inhibitory effects on proinflammatory T cells. Preliminary results. Our preliminary data showed that Apremilast, a phosphodiesterase-4(PDE-4) inhibitor, used in the treatment of PsA and psoriasis (Ps) increased IL-10-producing Bregs and reduced IFNγ+CD3+ T cells and IL-17+CD3+ T cells. We also found reduced activation of p38MAP kinase and the transcription factor STAT3, two important signaling pathways of IL-10 production, in PsA. Specific Aims. The aim of this research proposal is to study for the first time the immunomodulatory effect of Apremilast on signaling pathways in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and CD39high B cells in PsA and Ps. Methods. We will study CD39 expression in B cells from patients with PsA and Ps before and after Apremilast treatment and their relation to IFNγ+ and IL-17+ T cells. Activation of CREB (cAMP response element-binding protein), STAT3, and p38MAPK in PBMCs and CD39high B cells from patients with PsA and Ps before and after Apremilast. The effect of CD39high B cells on T cell IFNγ and IL-17 production will also be studied. Significance. This study will elucidate the molecular pathways of Apremilast and better define Bregs in PsA and Ps.

https://doi.org/10.31138/mjr.29.1.59