Volume 28, Issue 4, December 2017

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Mediterr J Rheumatol 2017; 28(4):29-37
Autoinflammatory Diseases and Physical Therapy
Authors Information

1: Gaziler Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

2: Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey
Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) constitute a group of clinical conditions, characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation, due to dysregulation of the innate immune system, without involving autoantibodies or antigen-specific T-cells. The patients exhibit recurrent episodes of fever with potentially serious complications and may have classic rheumatologic symptoms, including joint, skin, eye and muscle inflammation. Therefore, musculoskeletal problems and impaired quality of life can be anticipated as unavoidable consequences. In this regards any approach to ease the burden of symptoms and compensate the functional deficits are the main objectives of rehabilitation approach. For patients with inflammatory arthritis, physical therapy and rehabilitation methods have an important role in reducing joint pain and stiffness, preventing deformity, reconstructing muscle tissue and improving function. In order to justify the integration of rehabilitation approach in the management of AIDs and to determine the optimal protocols to use in this group of patients, well-designed, comprehensive, longitudinal, clinical trials using physical therapy centred outcomes are greatly needed.